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Throughout history, we’ve seen that harsh capabilities fire has when it comes to consuming land. Forests are ideal breeding grounds for fires, as they host materials that are highly susceptible to catching aflame. With the rampant forest fires in California and Australia over the past few years, more folks have become aware of how much damage a bushfire or wildfire can truly cause. Discover the different types of forest fires and their tendencies.
The Types of Forest Fires
Crown fires burn from the top layer of trees’ foliage, also known as the canopy. This type of fire is considered the harshest and most difficult to contain. Crown fires need strong winds, steep slopes, and an ample fuel load to keep burning.
Fuel refers to the amount of combustible materials in an area. This includes papers, oils, fabrics, tree needles, leaves—anything flammable that would heed a fire.
Dry and mountainous forests are some of the most vulnerable to crown fires. National Park organizations have routine maintenance to prevent the likelihood of a blaze.
Surface fires are the most common of the different types of forest fires. They consume forest floors, slowly burning through trees as they spread. They’re sustained by the capacity of leaves, fallen branches, and other fuel along forest grounds.
Ground fires are unique in that they’re usually started by lightning. Such fires started by lightning are more likely in rural areas, which often means delayed and limited firefighting responses.
Burning organic matter beneath the forest floor’s surface, a ground fire dries out and can damage a forest’s soil. When several lightning strikes create multiple ground fires in one area, it makes tackling the area much more difficult for first responder crews.
Regardless of the type of blaze you’re diminishing, every firefighter needs an arsenal of premium firefighter hand tools to help them sort through gnarly and hazardous environments. For structural fires, these tools help break through restricting building materials. In forest fires, hand tools allow firefighters to hack through tricky landscape safely. Reliable equipment is imperative to an efficient and safe firefighting mission.